UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC. 20549


FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)

 

 

 

 

 

x

 

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

 

for the quarterly period ended June 30, 2007

 

 

 

or

 

 

 

o

 

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

for the transition period from          to          

Commission File Number 000-24085


AXT, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

DELAWARE

 

94-3031310

(State or other jurisdiction of
Incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

4281 Technology Drive, Fremont, California 94538

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

(510) 683-5900

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES  x  NO  o

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer o

 

Non-accelerated filer x

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES o  NO  x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Class

 

Outstanding at July 31, 2007

Common Stock, $0.001 par value

 

30,021,987

 

 




AXT, INC.
FORM 10-Q
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

3

Item 1. Financial Statements (unaudited)

 

3

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006

 

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006

 

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006

 

5

Notes To Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

6

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

15

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

 

28

Item 4T. Controls and Procedures

 

29

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

30

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

 

30

Item 1A. Risk Factors

 

30

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

 

30

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

 

30

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

31

Item 5. Other Information

 

31

Item 6. Exhibits

 

32

Signatures

 

33

 

2




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

AXT, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

15,416

 

$

16,116

 

Short-term investments

 

18,262

 

19,428

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $674 and $140 as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively

 

9,882

 

9,658

 

Inventories, net

 

24,953

 

20,263

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

4,121

 

3,985

 

Assets held for sale

 

5,140

 

4,659

 

Total current assets

 

77,774

 

74,109

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

14,814

 

12,775

 

Restricted deposits

 

6,850

 

7,150

 

Other assets

 

4,843

 

4,298

 

Total assets

 

$

104,281

 

$

98,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

2,141

 

$

3,764

 

Accrued liabilities

 

3,426

 

3,358

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

450

 

450

 

Income taxes payable

 

335

 

178

 

Total current liabilities

 

6,352

 

7,750

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

6,456

 

6,839

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

2,592

 

2,543

 

Total liabilities

 

15,400

 

17,132

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 11)

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value per share; 2,000 shares authorized; 883 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006.

 

3,532

 

3,532

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value per share; 70,000 shares authorized; 29,975 and 29,011 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively

 

30

 

29

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

184,988

 

180,936

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(101,275

)

(103,832

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

1,606

 

535

 

Total stockholders’ equity

 

88,881

 

81,200

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

104,281

 

$

98,332

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3




AXT, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

 

 

Three Months Ended
 June 30, 

 

Six Months Ended
 June 30, 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

13,639

 

$

10,355

 

$

26,165

 

$

18,826

 

Cost of revenue

 

8,607

 

7,596

 

15,728

 

14,557

 

Gross profit

 

5,032

 

2,759

 

10,437

 

4,269

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

3,743

 

3,853

 

7,446

 

7,083

 

Research and development

 

348

 

571

 

808

 

1,105

 

Recovery of impairment on assets held for sale

 

(481

)

 

(481

)

 

Restructuring benefit

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Total operating expenses

 

3,610

 

4,424

 

7,773

 

8,186

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

1,422

 

(1,665

)

2,664

 

(3,917

)

Interest income, net

 

225

 

111

 

449

 

239

 

Other income (expense), net

 

(272

)

814

 

(283

)

1,052

 

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

 

1,375

 

(740

)

2,830

 

(2,626

)

Provision for income taxes

 

162

 

138

 

273

 

456

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

1,213

 

(878

)

2,557

 

(3,082

)

Discontinued operations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gain from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,213

 

$

(876

)

$

2,557

 

$

(3,079

)

Basic income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

Gain from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares used in computing basic income (loss) per share

 

29,943

 

23,052

 

29,871

 

23,019

 

Diluted income (loss) per share:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Income (loss) from continuing operations

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

Gain from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shares used in computing diluted income (loss) per share

 

31,142

 

23,052

 

31,233

 

23,019

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4




AXT, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited, in thousands)

 

 

Six
Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

2,557

 

$

(3,079

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operations:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation

 

686

 

1,761

 

Accretion of marketable securities premium/discount

 

(48

)

(30

)

Loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

67

 

Stock-based compensation

 

211

 

443

 

Realized loss (gain) on sale of investments

 

29

 

(1,438

)

Recovery of impairment on assets held for sale

 

(481

)

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

(183

)

(2,203

)

Inventories

 

(4,590

)

(36

)

Prepaid expenses

 

(36

)

(1,801

)

Other assets

 

(512

)

89

 

Accounts payable

 

(1,656

)

383

 

Accrued liabilities

 

51

 

(975

)

Income taxes payable

 

149

 

13

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

(26

)

61

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(3,849

)

(6,745

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

 

(2,298

)

(1,331

)

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

 

 

161

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(10,254

)

(4,697

)

Proceeds from sale of marketable securities

 

11,911

 

5,985

 

Decrease in restricted deposits

 

300

 

150

 

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(341

)

268

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net

 

3,842

 

298

 

Long-term debt payments

 

(387

)

(318

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

3,455

 

(20

)

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

35

 

78

 

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(700

)

(6,419

)

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

 

16,116

 

17,472

 

Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

 

$

15,416

 

$

11,053

 

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5




AXT, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements of AXT, Inc. (“AXT”, “Company”, “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to AXT, Inc. and all of its consolidated subsidiaries) are unaudited, and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, the year-end condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited consolidated financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In the opinion of our management, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, considered necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of AXT and our subsidiaries for all periods presented.

Our management has made a number of estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities to prepare these condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

The results of operations are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected in the future or for the full fiscal year. It is recommended that these condensed consolidated financial statements be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in our 2006 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on March 23, 2007 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 11, 2007.

Note 2. Discontinued Operations

Our condensed consolidated financial statements have been presented to reflect the opto-electronics business as a discontinued operation for all periods presented. Operating results of the discontinued operation are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

$

 

Cost of revenue

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

 

 

 

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

 

(2

)

 

(3

)

Total operating expenses

 

 

 

 

 

Gain from operations, net of tax

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

Net income

 

$

 

$

2

 

$

 

$

3

 

 

In the first quarter of 2007, we dissolved the corporation that previously operated our discontinued operations and transferred the cash balance to our continuing operations. Accordingly, we no longer have discontinued operations. In the three and six months ended June 30, 2006, the $2,000 and $3,000, respectively, in income was interest earned on cash balances held in the discontinued operations.

The carrying value of the assets and liabilities of the discontinued opto-electronics business included in the condensed consolidated balance sheets was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

June 30, 2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

 

$

395

 

Total current assets

 

 

395

 

Total assets

 

$

 

$

395

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net assets

 

 

395

 

Total liabilities and net assets

 

$

 

$

395

 

 

6




Note 3. Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation

Effective January 1, 2006, we adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS 123(R)”). SFAS 123(R) establishes accounting for stock-based awards exchanged for employee services. Accordingly, stock-based compensation cost is measured at grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the employee requisite service period. All of our stock compensation is accounted for as an equity instrument. We previously applied Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” and related interpretations and provided the required pro forma disclosures of SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation”.

We elected the modified prospective transition method for adopting SFAS 123(R). Under this method, the provisions of SFAS 123(R) apply to all awards granted or modified after the date of adoption. The unrecognized expense of awards not yet vested at the date of adoption will be recognized in net income (loss) in the periods after the date of adoption using the same Black-Scholes valuation method and assumptions determined under the original provisions of SFAS No. 123, “ Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation,” as disclosed in our previous quarterly and annual reports.

Impact of the Adoption of SFAS 123(R)

Under the modified prospective application transition method as provided by SFAS 123(R), we recorded $91,000 and $186,000 of stock compensation expense in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively, and $211,000 and $443,000 of stock compensation expense in our unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively. We elected not to capitalize any stock-based compensation to inventory as of January 1, 2006 when the provisions of SFAS 123(R) were initially adopted. We utilized the Black-Scholes valuation model for estimating the fair value of the stock compensation granted both before and after the adoption of SFAS 123(R). The following table summarizes the compensation expense related to our stock-based compensation plan (in thousands, except per share data):

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

Stock-based compensation in the form of employee stock options, included in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenue

 

$

13

 

$

32

 

$

26

 

$

60

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

60

 

91

 

149

 

264

 

Research and development

 

18

 

63

 

36

 

119

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation

 

91

 

186

 

211

 

443

 

Tax effect on stock-based compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net effect on net income (loss)

 

$

91

 

$

186

 

$

211

 

$

443

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Effect on basic net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.00

 

$

(0.01

)

$

0.01

 

$

(0.02

)

Effect on diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.00

 

$

(0.01

)

$

0.01

 

$

(0.02

)

 

Stock options

As of June 30, 2007 and 2006, the total compensation costs related to unvested stock-based awards granted to employees under our stock option plan but not yet recognized was approximately $851,000 and $1.0 million, respectively, net of estimated forfeitures of $60,000 and $44,000, respectively, and will be adjusted for subsequent changes in estimated forfeitures. This cost will be amortized on a straight-line basis over a weighted-average period of approximately 2.2 years. We elected not to capitalize any stock-based compensation to inventory as of June 30, 2007 and 2006, due to the immateriality of the amount.

The amortization of stock compensation under SFAS 123(R) for the period after our January 1, 2006 adoption is based on the single-option approach.

7




We estimate the fair value of stock options using a Black-Scholes valuation model, consistent with the provisions of SFAS 123(R), Securities and Exchange Commission Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107 and our prior period pro forma disclosures of net loss, including stock-based compensation (determined under a fair value method as prescribed by SFAS No. 123). There were no stock option grants made in the three and six months ended June 30, 2007. The fair value of our stock options granted to employees for the three and six months ended June 30, 2006 was estimated using the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

Three Months Ended
June 30,

 

Six Months Ended
June 30,

 

 

 

2006

 

2006

 

Expected term (in years)

 

5.0

 

5.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Volatility

 

83.95

%

85.91

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected dividend

 

0

%

0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

5.10

%

4.86

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated forfeitures

 

2.90

%

9.59

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average fair value

 

$

2.67

 

$

1.68

 

 

The following table summarizes the stock option transactions during the six months ended June 30, 2007 (in thousands, except per share data):

 

 

Shares

 

Weighted-
average
Exercise
Price

 

Weighted-
average
Remaining
Contractual
Life

 

Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(in years)

 

 

 

Options outstanding as of December 31, 2006

 

2,728

 

$

2.51

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Granted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercised

 

(91

)

2.49

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canceled

 

(17

)

1.36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options outstanding as of June 30, 2007

 

2,620

 

$

2.52

 

6.04

 

$

5,949

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options vested and expected to vest as of June 30, 2007

 

2,575

 

$

2.53

 

6.00

 

$

5,843

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercisable as of June 30, 2007

 

1,926

 

$

2.65

 

5.27

 

$

4,365

 

 

The options outstanding and exercisable as of June 30, 2007 were in the following exercise price ranges:

Options Outstanding as of June 30, 2007

 

Options Exercisable
as of June 30, 2007

 

Range of Exercise Price

 

Shares

 

Weighted-average
Exercise Price

 

Weighted-average
Remaining
Contractual Life

 

Shares

 

Weighted-Average
Exercise Price

 

$1.17 - $ 1.38

 

1,436,169

 

$

1.29

 

6.60

 

961,148

 

$

1.30

 

$1.39 - $ 1.44

 

11,500

 

$

1.41

 

7.89

 

5,886

 

$

1.41

 

$1.45 - $ 2.24

 

602,530

 

$

2.17

 

5.23

 

559,896

 

$

2.18

 

$2.25 - $ 5.00

 

452,005

 

$

4.09

 

6.27

 

281,754

 

$

3.74

 

$5.01 - $41.50

 

117,500

 

$

13.41

 

2.27

 

117,500

 

$

13.41

 

 

 

2,619,704

 

$

2.52

 

6.04

 

1,926,184

 

$

2.65

 

 

8




The total intrinsic value of options exercised for the three and six months ended June 30, 2007 was $90,000 and $160,000, respectively. Cash received from option exercises for the three and six months ended June 30, 2007 was $183,000 and $228,000, respectively. The total intrinsic value of options exercised for the three and six months ended June 30, 2006 was $167,000 and $233,000, respectively. Cash received from option exercises for the three and six months ended June 30, 2006 was $232,000 and $298,000, respectively.

Restricted stock awards

A summary of activity related to restricted stock awards for the three months ended June 30, 2007 is presented below:

 

Shares

 

Weighted-Average
Grant Date Fair Value

 

Non-vested restricted stock shares outstanding at beginning of the year

 

 

$

 

Restricted stock shares granted

 

10,608

 

$

3.77

 

Restricted stock shares vested

 

 

$

 

Non-vested restricted stock shares outstanding at June 30, 2007

 

10,608

 

$

3.77

 

 

At June 30, 2007, we had $39,000 of unrecognized compensation expense, net of forfeitures, related to restricted stock awards, which will be recognized over the weighted average period of 2.9 years. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2007 no shares of restricted stock vested.

Note 4. Cash, Cash Equivalents and Investments

Our cash, cash equivalents and investments are classified as follows (in thousands):

 

 

June 30, 2007

 

December 31, 2006

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

Gain

 

(Loss)

 

Value

 

Cost

 

Gain

 

(Loss)

 

Value

 

Classified as:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

6,427

 

$

 

$

 

$

6,427

 

$

6,892

 

$

 

$

 

$

6,892

 

Cash equivalents:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market fund

 

6,797

 

 

 

6,797

 

7,045

 

 

 

7,045

 

U.S. Treasury and agency securities

 

2,192

 

 

 

2,192

 

2,179

 

 

 

2,179

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total cash equivalents

 

8,989

 

 

 

8,989

 

9,224

 

 

 

9,224

 

Total cash and cash equivalents

 

15,416

 

 

 

15,416

 

16,116

 

 

 

16,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury and agency securities

 

4,613

 

 

(18

)

4,595

 

12,277

 

 

(39

)

12,238

 

Asset-backed securities

 

22

 

 

 

22

 

809

 

 

(1

)

808

 

Commercial paper

 

 

 

 

 

500

 

 

 

500

 

Corporate bonds

 

20,048

 

484

 

(37

)

20,495

 

13,035

 

 

(3

)

13,032

 

Total investments

 

24,683

 

484

 

(55

)

25,112

 

26,621

 

 

(43

)

26,578

 

Total cash, cash equivalents and investments

 

$

40,099

 

$

484

 

$

(55

)

$

40,528

 

$

42,737

 

$

 

$

(43

)

$

42,694

 

Contractual maturities on investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mature within 1 year

 

$

12,694

 

 

 

 

 

$

12,770

 

$

13,767

 

 

 

 

 

$

13,727

 

Mature after 1 through 5 years

 

11,989

 

 

 

 

 

12,342

 

12,854

 

 

 

 

 

12,851

 

 

 

$

24,683

 

 

 

 

 

$

25,112

 

$

26,621

 

 

 

 

 

$

26,578

 

 

9




The investments include $6.9 million and $7.2 million recorded as restricted deposits on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively, as a result of the outstanding principal amount on our industrial revenue bonds.

We manage our investments as a single portfolio of highly marketable securities that is intended to be available to meet our current cash requirements. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2007, we had $19,000 and $29,000, respectively, in gross realized losses on sales of our available-for-sale securities. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2006, we had $0.4 million and $1.4 million, respectively, in gross realized gains on sales of our available-for-sale securities.

The gross unrealized losses related to our portfolio of available-for-sale securities were primarily due to a decrease in the fair value of debt securities as a result of an increase in interest rates during 2006 and the first six months of 2007. We have determined that the gross unrealized losses on our available-for-sale securities as of June 30, 2007 are temporary in nature. We reviewed our investment portfolio to identify and evaluate investments that have indications of possible impairment. Factors considered in determining whether a loss is temporary include the magnitude of the decline in market value, the length of time the market value has been below cost (or adjusted cost), credit quality, and our ability and intent to hold the securities for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value. The following table provides a breakdown of our available-for-sale securities with unrealized losses as of June 30, 2007 (in thousands):

 

In Loss Position

 

In Loss Position

 

Total In

 

 

 

< 12 months

 

> 12 months

 

Loss Position

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Gross

 

 

 

Fair

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

Unrealized

 

 

 

Value

 

(Loss)

 

Value

 

(Loss)

 

Value

 

(Loss)

 

Investments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.S. Treasury and agency securities

 

$

2,644

 

$

(4

)

$

1,951

 

$

(14

)

$

4,595

 

$

(18

)

Corporate bonds

 

5,811

 

(37

)

 

 

5,811

 

(37

)

Total in loss position

 

$

8,455

 

$

(41

)

$

1,951

 

$

(14

)

$

10,406

 

$

(55

)

 

Note 5. Inventories, Net

The components of inventories are summarized below (in thousands):

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Inventories, net:

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials

 

$

11,081

 

$

8,419

 

Work in process

 

12,059

 

11,222

 

Finished goods

 

1,813

 

622

 

 

 

$

24,953

 

$

20,263

 

 

Note 6. Recovery of Impairment on Assets Held for Sale

During the three months ended June 30, 2007, we benefited from a recovery of impairment on assets held for sale in connection with our adjustment of the fair value of our U.S. property located in Fremont, California, which has been decontaminated and is being prepared for sale  We recorded a $481,000 market value adjustment after we entered into an agreement with an independent third party purchaser in June 2007 to purchase the property for estimated net proceeds of $5.1 million, after deducting estimated commission and selling expenses. We expect the sale to be completed in the third quarter of 2007. This property has been classified as “assets held for sale” in the amount of $5.1 million on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2007.

10




Note 7. Net Income (Loss) Per Share

Basic net income (loss) per common share is calculated by dividing net income (loss) available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income (loss) per common and common equivalent shares include the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents outstanding during the period calculated using the treasury stock method. Common stock equivalents consist of the shares issueable upon the exercise of stock options.

A reconciliation of the numerators and denominators of the basic and diluted net income (loss) per share calculations is as follows (in thousands, except per share data):

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,213

 

$

(876

)

$

2,557

 

$

(3,079

)

Less: Preferred stock dividends

 

(44

)

(44

)

(88

)

(88

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss) available to common stockholders

 

$

1,169

 

$

(920

)

$

2,469

 

$

(3,167

)

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denominator for basic net income (loss) per share - weighted average common shares

 

29,943

 

23,052

 

29,871

 

23,019

 

Effect of dilutive securities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock options

 

1,199

 

 

1,362

 

 

Denominator for dilutive net income (loss) per common share

 

31,142

 

23,052

 

31,233

 

23,019

 

Basic net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

Diluted net income (loss) per share

 

$

0.04

 

$

(0.04

)

$

0.08

 

$

(0.14

)

Options excluded from diluted net loss per share as the impact is anti-dilutive

 

372

 

2,722

 

362

 

2,722

 

 

Note 8. Comprehensive Income

The components of comprehensive income (loss) are as follows (in thousands):

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

1,213

 

$

(876

)

$

2,557

 

$

(3,079

)

Foreign currency translation gain

 

369

 

207

 

599

 

78

 

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale investments

 

443

 

(1,409

)

472

 

1,902

 

Less: reclassification adjustment for realized gain included in net loss

 

 

(1,062

)

 

(1,438

)

Comprehensive income (loss)

 

$

2,025

 

$

(3,140

)

$

3,628

 

$

(2,537

)

 

Note 9. Segment Information and Foreign Operations

Segment Information

We operate in one segment for the design, development, manufacture and distribution of high-performance compound semiconductor substrates and sale of materials. In accordance with SFAS No. 131, “Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information” (“SFAS No. 131”), our chief operating decision-maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating our resources and assessing our performance. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under SFAS No. 131 due to their identical customer base and similarities in economic characteristics, nature of products and services, and procurement, manufacturing and distribution processes. Since we operate in one segment, all financial segment and product line information required by SFAS No. 131 can be found in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

11




Geographical Information

The following table represents revenue amounts (in thousands) reported for products shipped during the respective periods to customers in the corresponding geographic region:

 

Three Months Ended

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

June 30,

 

June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

Net revenues:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North America*

 

$

2,756

 

$

2,703

 

$

6,098

 

$

4,662

 

Europe

 

2,606

 

2,258

 

4,671

 

3,664

 

Japan

 

3,012

 

1,130

 

5,398

 

1,796

 

Taiwan

 

2,228

 

1,415

 

4,040

 

2,929

 

Asia Pacific

 

3,037

 

2,849

 

5,958

 

5,775

 

Consolidated

 

$

13,639

 

$

10,355

 

$

26,165

 

$

18,826

 

 


*   Primarily the United States

Long-lived assets consist primarily of property, plant and equipment, and are attributed to the geographic location in which they are located. Long-lived assets by geographic region were as follows (in thousands):

 

As of

 

 

 

June 30,

 

December 31,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

Long-lived assets:

 

 

 

 

 

North America

 

$

208

 

$

426

 

China

 

14,606

 

12,349

 

 

 

$

14,814

 

$

12,775

 

 

Significant Customers

No customer represented more than 10% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2007. One customer represented 11.4% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2006. No customer represented more than 10% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2007. One customer represented 12.7% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2006. Our top five customers represented 35.2% and 40.6% of revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively. Our top five customers represented 33.6% and 38.5% of revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively.

Note 10. Investments in Privately-held Companies

We have made strategic investments in private companies located in China in order to gain access at a competitive cost to raw materials that are critical to our substrate business. Our investments in these privately-held companies are summarized below (in thousands):

 

 

Investment Balance as of

 

 

 

 

 

Company

 

June 30,
2007

 

December 31,
2006

 

Accounting
Method

 

Ownership
Percentage

 

Beijing Ji Ya Semiconductor Material Co., Ltd

 

$

996

 

$

996

 

Consolidated

 

46

%

Nanjing Jin Mei Gallium Co., Ltd

 

592

 

592

 

Consolidated

 

83

 

Beijing BoYu Manufacturing Co., Ltd

 

410

 

410

 

Consolidated

 

70

 

Xilingol Tongli Ge Co. Ltd

 

1,839

 

1,304

 

Equity

 

25

 

Emeishan Jia Mei High Pure Metals Co., Ltd

 

680

 

670

 

Equity

 

25

 

 

12




The investment balances for the two companies accounted for under the equity method are included in “other assets” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. We own 25% of the ownership interests in each of these companies. These two companies are not considered variable interest entities because:

·                       both companies have sustainable businesses of their own;

·                       our voting power is proportionate to our ownership interests;

·                       we only recognize our respective share of the losses and/or residual returns generated by the companies if they occur; and

·                       we do not have a controlling financial interest in, do not maintain operational or management control of, do not control the board of directors of, and are not required to provide additional investment or financial support to, either company.

Undistributed retained earnings relating to our investments were $6.0 million and $4.4 million as of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively. Net income recorded from our investments was $955,000 and $455,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. Net income recorded from our investments was $1.6 million and $724,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

The minority interest for those investments that are consolidated is included in “Other long-term liabilities” in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and in “Other income (expense), net” on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Note 11. Commitments and Contingencies

Indemnification Agreements

Included in our standard terms and conditions of sale that we enter into in the ordinary course of business with our customers are standard indemnification arrangements. Pursuant to these arrangements, we indemnify, hold harmless, and agree to reimburse the indemnified parties for losses suffered or incurred by the indemnified party in connection with any claim by a third party that our products violate or infringe any U.S. patent, or any copyright or other intellectual property right. The term of these indemnification provisions is generally perpetual from the date of the execution of the agreement. The maximum potential amount of future payments we could be required to make under these agreements is unlimited. We have never incurred costs to defend lawsuits or settle claims related to these indemnification agreements. As a result, we believe the estimated fair value of these agreements is minimal.

We have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors, officers and key employees that may require us to indemnify our directors, officers and key employees against liabilities that may arise by reason of their status or service as directors or officers or key employees, other than liabilities arising from willful misconduct of a culpable nature; to advance their expenses incurred as a result of any proceeding against them as to which they could be indemnified; and to obtain directors’ and officers’ insurance if available on reasonable terms, which we currently have in place.

13




Product Warranty

We warrant our products for a specific period of time, generally twelve months, against material defects. We provide for the estimated future costs of warranty obligations in cost of sales when the related revenue is recognized. The accrued warranty costs represent the best estimate at the time of sale of the total costs that we expect to incur to repair or replace product parts that fail while still under warranty. The amount of accrued estimated warranty costs are primarily based on historical experience as to product failures as well as current information on repair costs. On a quarterly basis, we review the accrued balances and update these based on the historical warranty cost trends. The following table reflects the change in our warranty accrual, which is included in “accrued liabilities” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2007 and 2006 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended June 30,

 

Six Months Ended June 30,

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

2007

 

2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beginning accrued warranty and related costs

 

$

783

 

$

184

 

$

459

 

$

120

 

Charged to cost of revenue

 

244

 

41

 

696

 

146

 

Actual warranty expenditures

 

(78

)

(21

)

(206

)

(62

)

Ending accrued warranty and related costs

 

$

949

 

$

204

 

$

949

 

$

204

 

 

Purchase Commitment

On February 27, 2007, we entered into an agreement with Recapture Metals Limited of Ontario, Canada (“Recapture”), pursuant to which Recapture will supply our subsidiary in the People’s Repiblic of China with one thousand kilograms per month of 99.99999% pure gallium, during the eighteen month period beginning July 1, 2007. Under the terms of the agreement, we are required to purchase a minimum of eighteen thousand kilograms of gallium, unless the agreement is terminated prior to the expiration of the eighteen month period on December 31, 2008. Our total commitment under this agreement is approximately $7.3 million.

Note 12. Foreign Exchange Transaction Gains/Losses

We incurred foreign currency transaction exchange losses of $246,000 and $47,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively. We incurred foreign currency transaction exchange losses of $290,000 and gains of $11,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2007, and 2006, respectively. These amounts are included in other income (expense), net on the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

Note 13. Income Taxes

In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Interpretation No. (“FIN”) 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes”. FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with SFAS 109. This interpretation prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition of tax benefits, classification on the balance sheet, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. We adopted FIN 48 effective January 1, 2007. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of June 30, 2007, we do not have any gross unrecognized tax benefits, nor any accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we identified $16.4 million in unrecognized tax benefits. This amount decreased the tax loss carryforwards in the U.S. which are fully offset by a valuation allowance. We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal, various states and foreign jurisdictions. We have substantially concluded all U.S. federal and state income tax matters through December 31, 2006.

14




ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q, including the following sections, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, particularly statements relating to our expectations regarding results of operations, customer demand, improvements in our product quality, our ability to expand our markets and increase sales, customer qualifications of our products, gross margins, favorable pricing, reliable supply and enhanced sourcing lead-times of raw materials, and our reserve balances.  These forward-looking statements are based upon management’s current views with respect to future events and financial performance, and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical results or those anticipated in such forward-looking statements. Such risks and uncertainties include those set forth under Item 1A “Risk Factors” below,  which identify important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those predicted in any such forward-looking statements. We caution investors that actual results may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements as a result of certain risk factors identified in this Form 10-Q and other filings we have made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Forward-looking statements may be identified by the use of terms such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “intends,” and similar expressions. Statements concerning our future or expected financial results and condition, business strategy and plans or objectives for future operations are forward-looking statements.

These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. This discussion should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006 and the condensed consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report.

Overview

We are a leading worldwide developer and producer of high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates comprising gallium arsenide (GaAs), indium phosphide (InP) and germanium (Ge). We currently sell the following substrate products:

Product

 

 

Substrates

 

Diameter

 

Applications

GaAs (semi-insulating)

 

2”, 4”, 6”

 

·  Power amplifiers and integrated circuits for wireless handsets

 

 

 

 

·  Direct broadcast television

 

 

 

 

·  High-performance transistors

 

 

 

 

·  Satellite communications

GaAs (semi-conducting)

 

2”, 4”

 

·  LEDs

 

 

 

 

·  Lasers

 

 

 

 

·  Optical couplers

InP

 

2”, 4”, 6”

 

·  Broadband and Fiber optic communications

Ge

 

2”, 4”

 

·  Satellite solar cells

 

We manufacture compound semiconductor substrates using our proprietary vertical gradient freeze, or VGF, technology.  Our in-house VGF technology enables us to add capacity quickly and cost efficiently.  We manufacture all of our products in China, which generally has lower costs for facilities, labor and materials.

We also have three majority-owned and two minority-owned joint ventures in China which provide us favorable pricing, reliable supply and enhanced sourcing lead-times for key raw materials which are central to our final manufactured products.  These joint ventures produce products including 99.99% pure gallium (4N Ga), high purity gallium, arsenic, germanium, germanium dioxide, paralytic boron nitride (pBN) crucibles and boron oxide. AXT’s ownership interest in these entities ranges from 25% to 83%. We consolidate the three ventures in which we own a majority or controlling financial interest and employ equity accounting for the two joint ventures in which we have a 25% interest. We purchase portions of the materials produced by these ventures for our own use and the joint ventures sell the remainder of their production to third parties.

15




Revenue increased $7.3 million, or 39.0%, to $26.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $18.8 million for the same period of 2006 primarily due to our improved product quality, higher customer demands for larger diameter wafers, and an increase in raw material sales. As of June 30, 2007, we had available cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments of $33.7 million, excluding restricted deposits.

Recovery of Impairment on Assets Held for Sale

During the three months ended June 30, 2007, we benefited from a recovery of impairment on assets held for sale in connection with our adjustment of the fair value of our U.S. property located in Fremont, California, which has been decontaminated and is being prepared for sale, to market value. We recorded a $481,000 market value adjustment after we entered into an agreement with an independent third party purchaser in June 2007 to purchase the property for estimated net proceeds of $5.1 million, after deducting estimated commission and selling expenses. We expect the sale to be completed in the third quarter of 2007. This property has been classified as “assets held for sale” in the amount of $5.1 million on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2007.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

We have prepared our condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. As such, we have had to make estimates, assumptions and judgments that affect the amounts reported on our financial statements. These estimates, assumptions and judgments about future events and their effects on our results cannot be determined with certainty, and are made based upon our historical experience and on other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. These estimates may change as new events occur or additional information is obtained, and we may periodically be faced with uncertainties, the outcomes of which are not within our control and may not be known for a prolonged period of time. The discussion and analysis of our results of operations and financial condition are based upon these condensed consolidated financial statements.

A critical accounting policy is one that is both material to the presentation of our financial statements and requires us to make difficult, subjective or complex judgments that could have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations. They may require us to make assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time of the estimate, and different estimates that we could have used, or changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur, may have a material impact on our financial condition or results of operations.

We have identified the policies below as critical to our business operations and understanding of our financial condition and results of operations.

Revenue Recognition

We manufacture and sell high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrates and sell certain raw materials including gallium, germanium dioxide and pBN crucibles. After we ship our products, there are no remaining obligations or customer acceptance requirements that would preclude recognition of the revenue earned on the sale. Our products are typically sold pursuant to a purchase order placed by our customers, and our terms and conditions of sale do not require customer acceptance. We recognize revenue upon shipment and transfer of title of products to our customers, which is ordinarily upon shipment from our dock, receipt at the customer’s dock, or removal from consignment inventory at the customer’s location, provided that we have received a signed purchase order, the price is fixed or determinable, title and risk of ownership have transferred, collection of resulting receivables is probable, and product returns are reasonably estimable. We do not provide training, installation or commissioning services.

We provide for future returns based on historical experience, current economic trends and changes in customer demand at the time revenue is recognized.

In June 2006, the FASB ratified the consensus reached by the Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) regarding EITF Issue No. 06-03, “How Taxes Collected from Customers and Remitted to Government Authorities Should be Presented in the Income Statement (That Is, Gross versus Net Presentation)”. We have historically presented, and will continue to present sales tax, value added tax, and other similar taxes on a net basis, excluding them from revenue.

16




Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

We periodically review the likelihood of collection on our accounts receivable balances and provide an allowance for doubtful accounts receivable primarily based upon the age of these accounts. We typically provide a 100% allowance for receivables from U.S. customers in excess of 90 days and for receivables from customers located outside the U.S. in excess of 120 days. We assess the probability of collection based on a number of factors, including the length of time a receivable balance has been outstanding, our past history with the customer and their creditworthiness.

As of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, our accounts receivable, net, balance was $9.9 million and $9.7 million, respectively, which was net of an allowance for doubtful accounts of $0.7 million and $0.1 million, respectively. The increase in the allowance for doubtful accounts was mainly for our slow-paying customers in Asia. If actual uncollectible accounts differ substantially from our estimates, revisions to the estimated allowance for doubtful accounts would be required, which could have a material impact on our financial results for the period.

Warranty Reserve

We maintain a warranty reserve based upon our claims experience during the prior twelve months. Warranty costs are accrued at the time revenue is recognized. As of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, accrued product warranties totaled $949,000 and $459,000, respectively. The increase in accrued warranties is attributable to increased claims experienced as well as to an increase in revenue. If actual warranty costs differ substantially from our estimates, revisions to the estimated warranty liability would be required, which could have a material impact on our financial condition and results of operations.

Inventory Valuation

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost method. Our inventory consists of raw materials as well as finished goods and work-in-process that include material, labor and manufacturing overhead costs. Given the nature of our substrate products, and the materials used in the manufacturing process, the wafers and ingots comprising work-in-process may be held in inventory for up to two years and three years, respectively, as the risk of obsolescence for these materials is low. We routinely evaluate the levels of our inventory in light of current market conditions in order to identify excess and obsolete inventory, and we provide a valuation allowance for certain inventories based upon the age and quality of the product and the projections for sale of the completed products. As of June 30, 2007 and December 31, 2006, we had an inventory reserve of $12.7 million and $15.4 million for excess and obsolete inventory, respectively. The majority of this inventory has not been scrapped, and accordingly, may be sold in future periods. If actual demand for our products were to be substantially lower than estimated, additional inventory adjustments for excess or obsolete inventory might be required, which could have a material impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Impairment of Investments

We classify our investments in debt and equity securities as available-for-sale securities as prescribed by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities”. All available-for-sale securities with a quoted market value below cost (or adjusted cost) are reviewed in order to determine whether the decline is other-than-temporary. Factors considered in determining whether a loss is temporary include the magnitude of the decline in market value, the length of time the market value has been below cost (or adjusted cost), credit quality, and our ability and intent to hold the securities for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value.

We invest in equity instruments of privately-held companies for business and strategic purposes. These investments are classified as other assets and, other than companies that we consolidate, are accounted for under the cost method as we do not have the ability to exercise significant influence over their operations. We monitor our investments for impairment and would record reductions in carrying value when events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Determination of impairment is highly subjective and is based on a number of factors, including an assessment of the strength of the investee’s management, the length of time and extent to which the fair value has been less than our cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the investee, fundamental changes to the business prospects of the investee, share prices of subsequent offerings, and our intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in our carrying value.

17




Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We evaluate the recoverability of property, equipment and intangible assets in accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” When events and circumstances indicate that long-lived assets may be impaired, we compare the carrying value of the long-lived assets to the projection of future undiscounted cash flows attributable to these assets. In the event that the carrying value exceeds the future undiscounted cash flows, we record an impairment charge against income equal to the excess of the carrying value over the assets’ fair value. Fair values are determined based on quoted market values, discounted cash flows or internal and external appraisals, as applicable. Assets held for sale are carried at the lower of carrying value or estimated net realizable value.

Employee Stock Options

We grant options to purchase our common stock to substantially all management employees and believe that this program helps us to attract, motivate and retain high quality employees, to the ultimate benefit of our stockholders. Effective January 1, 2006, we adopted the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment” (“SFAS 123(R)”), using the modified prospective application transition method. Under this transition method, stock-based compensation cost was recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements for all share-based payments after January 1, 2006. Compensation cost recognized includes the estimated expense for the portion of the vesting period after January 1, 2006 for share-based payments granted prior to, but not vested as of January 1, 2006, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation.” Results for prior periods have not been restated, as provided for under the modified prospective application transition method. As of the date of the filing of this quarterly report, we believe there have been no material changes to our critical accounting policy on employee stock options during the three months and six months ended June 30, 2007 compared to that disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 filed with the SEC on March 23, 2007 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 11, 2007. See Note 3 to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

Income Taxes

We account for income taxes in accordance with SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (“SFAS 109”), which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities. SFAS 109 also requires that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that a portion of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

We provide for income taxes based upon the geographic composition of worldwide earnings and tax regulations governing each country, including particularly the People’s Republic of China. The calculation of tax liabilities involves significant judgment in estimating the impact of uncertainties in the application of complex tax laws, particularly in foreign countries such as the People’s Republic of China.

In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with SFAS 109. This interpretation prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition of tax benefits, classification on the balance sheet, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. We adopted FIN 48 effective January 1, 2007. We recognize interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense. As of June 30, 2007, we do not have any gross unrecognized tax benefits, nor any accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, we identified $16.4 million in unrecognized tax benefits. This amount decreased the tax loss carryforwards in the U.S. which are fully offset by a valuation allowance. We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal, various states and foreign jurisdictions. We have substantially concluded all U.S. federal and state income tax matters through December 31, 2006.

18




Results of Operations

Revenue

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

GaAs

 

$

9,296

 

$

8,125

 

$

1,171

 

14.4

%

InP

 

660

 

613

 

47

 

7.7

%

Ge

 

402

 

169

 

233

 

137.9

%

Raw materials

 

3,281

 

1,448

 

1,833

 

126.6

%

Total revenue

 

$

13,639

 

$

10,355

 

$

3,284

 

31.7

%

 

Revenue increased $3.3 million, or 31.7%, to $13.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $10.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. Total GaAs substrate revenue increased $1.2 million, or 14.4%, to $9.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $8.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006.

Sales of 5 inch and 6 inch diameter GaAs substrates were $4.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 compared to $3.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in larger diameter substrate revenue was due to the fact that, while the GaAs device market grew in strength for both cellular and the WLAN (Wide Local Area Network) markets, the compound semiconductor industry has been experiencing capacity constraints, particularly in 6 inch; with our excess capacity, we were able to benefit from the overflow business from our competition.

Sales of 2 inch, 3 inch and 4 inch diameter GaAs substrates were $5.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 compared with $4.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in revenue from smaller diameter substrates was due to the continued market growth generally of LED laser diodes and commercial epitaxy.

InP revenue increased $47,000, or 7.7%, to $660,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $613,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in InP revenue was primarily due to a one-time sale of $251,000 indium scrap metal. Excluding the impact of the one-time sale, InP substrate revenue decreased due to a fall in demand from customers in the optical networking industry.

Ge substrate revenue increased $233,000, or 137.9%, to $402,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $169,000 for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in Ge substrate revenue was due to a customer in Germany who has now qualified our product, as demand for photovoltaic applications increases.

Raw materials revenue increased $1.8 million, or 126.6%, to $3.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in raw materials revenue was primarily due to sales of gallium to new customers in Europe as the demand for gallium increases, as well as an increase in raw materials pricing. We expect this demand for gallium to continue at this pace.

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

GaAs

 

$

18,088

 

$

14,880

 

$

3,208

 

21.6

%

InP

 

1,178

 

909

 

269

 

29.6

%

Ge

 

943

 

205

 

738

 

360.0

%

Raw materials

 

5,911

 

2,832

 

3,079

 

108.7

%

Other

 

45

 

 

45

 

NM

 

Total revenue

 

$

26,165

 

$

18,826

 

$

7,339

 

39.0

%

 


NM = % not meaningful

19




Revenue increased $7.3 million, or 39.0%, to $26.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $18.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. Total GaAs substrate revenue increased $3.2 million, or 21.6%, to $18.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $14.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006.

Sales of 5 inch and 6 inch diameter GaAs substrates were $8.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 compared to $6.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in larger diameter substrate revenue was due to the fact that, while the GaAs device market grew in strength for both cellular and the WLAN (Wide Local Area Network) markets, the compound semiconductor industry has been experiencing capacity constraints, particularly in 6 inch; with our excess capacity, we were able to benefit from the overflow business from our competition.

Sales of 2 inch, 3 inch and 4 inch diameter GaAs substrates were $10.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 compared to $8.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in revenue from smaller diameter substrates was due to the continued market growth generally of LED laser diodes and commercial epitaxy.

InP revenue increased $269,000, or 29.6%, to $1.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $0.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in InP revenue was primarily due to a one-time sale of $251,000 indium scrap metal, while InP substrate revenue was flat from customers in the optical networking industry.

Ge substrate revenue increased $738,000, or 360.0%, to $943,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $205,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in Ge substrate revenue was due to an increase in customers in the People’s Republic of China and to a customer in Germany who has now qualified our product, as demand for photovoltaic applications continues to increase.

Raw materials revenue increased $3.1 million, or 108.7%, to $5.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $2.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase in raw materials revenue was primarily due to sales of gallium to new customers in Japan and Europe as the demand for gallium increases, as well as an increase in raw materials pricing. We expect this demand for gallium to continue at this pace.

20




Revenue by Geographic Region

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

North America *

 

$

2,756

 

$

2,703

 

$

53

 

2.0

%

% of total revenue

 

20

%

26

%

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

2,606

 

2,258

 

348

 

15.4

%

% of total revenue

 

19

%

22

%

 

 

 

 

Japan

 

3,012

 

1,130

 

1,882

 

166.5

%

% of total revenue

 

22

%

11

%

 

 

 

 

Taiwan

 

2,228

 

1,415

 

813

 

57.5

%

% of total revenue

 

16

%

14

%

 

 

 

 

Asia Pacific (excluding Japan and Taiwan)

 

3,037

 

2,849

 

188

 

6.6

%

% of total revenue

 

22

%

27

%

 

 

 

 

Total revenue

 

$

13,639

 

$

10,355

 

$

3,284

 

31.7

%

 


*                                        Primarily the United States

North America revenue increased by $53,000, or 2.0%, to $2.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $2.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006.

Europe revenue increased by $0.3 million, or 15.4%, to $2.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $2.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. This increase came primarily from increased raw materials sales to customers in the Netherlands.

Japan revenue increased by $1.9 million, or 166.5%, to $3.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The increase came from 2 new customers for raw materials amounting to $1.1 million, while sales to existing customers increased by $0.8 million, of which $0.7 million was from raw material sales.

Taiwan revenue increased by $0.8 million, or 57.5%, to $2.2 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $1.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. $0.7 million of this increase came from existing customers for an even mix of small diameter wafers and large diameter wafers, while $0.1 million came from sales to a new customer for smaller diameter wafers.

Asia Pacific (excluding Japan and Taiwan) revenue increased by $0.2 million, or 6.6%, to $3.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $2.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. Sales to customers in Singapore increased by $0.7 million mainly from large diameter wafers, partially offset by $0.2 million decreased sales in the People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) mainly from decreased raw materials sales.

21




 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

North America *

 

$

6,098

 

$

4,662

 

$

1,436

 

30.8

%

% of total revenue

 

23

%

25

%

 

 

 

 

Europe

 

4,671

 

3,664

 

1,007

 

27.5

%

% of total revenue

 

18

%

19

%

 

 

 

 

Japan

 

5,398

 

1,796

 

3,602

 

200.6

%

% of total revenue

 

21

%

10

%

 

 

 

 

Taiwan

 

4,040

 

2,929

 

1,111

 

37.9

%

% of total revenue

 

15

%

16

%

 

 

 

 

Asia Pacific (excluding Japan and Taiwan)

 

5,958

 

5,775

 

183

 

3.2

%

% of total revenue

 

23

%

31

%

 

 

 

 

Total revenue

 

$

26,165

 

$

18,826

 

$

7,339

 

39.0

%

 


*                                        Primarily the United States

North America revenue increased by $1.4 million, or 30.8%, to $6.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $4.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. We believe our quality has improved as shown by customers that have qualified our products manufactured in the PRC as substrate sales increased by $1.1 million, while raw material sales increased by $0.3 million.

Europe revenue increased by $1.0 million, or 27.5%, to $4.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $3.7 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. This increase came primarily from increased raw materials sales to customers in the Netherlands, and increased substrate sales to customers in Germany, partially offset by decreased substrate sales to customers in France.

Japan revenue increased by $3.6 million, or 200.6%, to $5.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $1.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase came from 5 new customers for raw materials amounting to $2.3 million, while sales to existing customers increased by $1.3 million, of which $0.7 million was from increased substate sales, while $0.6 million was from increased raw material sales.

Taiwan revenue increased by $1.1 million, or 37.9%, to $4.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $2.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. $1.0 million of this increase came from existing customers for an even mix of small diameter wafers and large diameter wafers, while $0.1 million came from sales to 2 new customers for smaller diameter wafers.

Asia Pacific (excluding Japan and Taiwan) revenue increased by $0.2 million, or 3.2%, to $6.0 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $5.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. Substrate sales to customers in the PRC increased by $0.5 million mainly from small diameter wafers, while substrate sales to customers in Singapore increased by $0.4 million mainly from large diameter sales, partially offset by $0.7 million decreased raw materials sales in the PRC mainly from large one-time raw materials sales in 2006.

22




Gross Margin

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

5,032

 

$

2,759

 

$

2,273

 

82.4

%

Gross Margin %

 

36.9

%

26.6

%

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin. Gross margin increased to 36.9% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from 26.6% of total revenue for the three months ended June 30, 2006. Gross margin for the three months ended June 30, 2007 was positively impacted by sales of approximately $0.4 million of gallium arsenide (“GaAs”) wafers that were previously fully reserved. Product mix also contributed to higher gross margins as we sold a greater amount of larger diameter GaAs wafers, InP scrap metal, as well as raw materials, all of which contributed higher gross margins. In addition, we had manufacturing equipment that has become fully depreciated since the third quarter of 2006, and the absence of depreciation expense for this equipment, partially offset by depreciation on property, plant and equipment additions, contributed approximately 3.3 percentage points to gross margin in the three months ended June 30, 2007. Finally, higher substrate gross margins were also achieved through better slicing techniques, longer length ingot growth, shorter runtimes, and higher production volumes, partially offset by higher prices of raw materials for gallium and arsenic. Gross margin for the three months ended June 30, 2006 was positively impacted by sales of approximately $802,000 of GaAs wafers which were previously fully reserved.

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

Gross profit

 

$

10,437

 

$

4,269

 

$

6,168

 

144.5

%

Gross Margin %

 

39.9

%

22.7

%

 

 

 

 

 

Gross margin. Gross margin increased to 39.9% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from 22.7% of total revenue for the six months ended June 30, 2006. Gross margin for the six months ended June 30, 2007 was positively impacted by sales of approximately $1.1 million of GaAs wafers that were previously fully reserved. Product mix also contributed to higher gross margins as we sold a greater amount of larger diameter GaAs wafers, InP scrap metal, as well as raw materials, all of which contributed higher gross margins. In addition, we had manufacturing equipment that has become fully depreciated since the third quarter of 2006, and the absence of depreciation expense for this equipment, partially offset by depreciation on property, plant and equipment additions, contributed approximately 3.2 percentage points to gross margin in the six months ended June 30, 2007. Finally, higher substrate gross margins were also achieved through better slicing techniques, longer length ingot growth, shorter runtimes, and higher production volumes, partially offset by higher prices of raw materials for gallium and arsenic. Gross margin for the six months ended June 30, 2006 was positively impacted by sales of approximately $1.4 million of GaAs wafers, which were previously fully reserved, and by approximately $53,000 as a result of a reversal of a sales return reserve established in 2004 as we favorably resolved an outstanding matter with a customer.

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

$

3,743

 

$

3,853

 

$

(110

)

(2.9

)%

% of total revenue

 

27.4

%

37.2

%

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased $0.1 million to $3.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2007 from $3.9 million for the three months ended June 30, 2006. The decrease was primarily due to the absence in 2007 of $0.3 million decontamination fees on our property owned in Fremont, California, and $0.2 million sales compensation expenses given to customers as compensation for their epitaxial costs on defective wafers supplied to them. We also had $0.1 million lower professional fees, and $0.1 million lower severance payments, partially offset by $0.6 million higher bad debt expenses mainly for our slow-paying customers in Asia.

23




 

 

Six Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30,

 

Increase

 

 

 

 

 

2007

 

2006

 

(Decrease)

 

% Change

 

 

 

($ in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses

 

$

7,446

 

$

7,083

 

$

363

 

5.1

%

% of total revenue

 

28.5

%

37.6

%

 

 

 

 

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $0.4 million to $7.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2007 from $7.1 million for the six months ended June 30, 2006. The increase was primarily due to $0.5 million higher bad debt expenses mainly for our slow-paying customers in Asia, $0.2 million higher legal expenses which was mainly our portion of the settlement of the securities class action lawsuit reached on April 24, 2007, $0.1 million higher overseas travel expenses, and $0.1 million higher sales commission due to increased sales volume, partially offset by the absence in 2007 of $0.3 million sales compensation expenses given to customers as compensation for their epitaxial costs o